Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov,[a] better known by the alias Lenin[b] (22 April [O.S. 10 April] 1870 – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as head of government of the Russian Republic from 1917 to 1918, of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1918 to 1924, and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party socialist state governed by the Russian Communist Party.
Widely considered one of the most significant and influential figures of the 20th century, Lenin was the posthumous subject of a pervasive personality cult within the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991. He became an ideological figurehead behind Marxism-Leninism and thus a prominent influence over the international communist movement. Lenin is viewed by Marxist-Leninists as a champion of socialism and the working class.
Ilya Ulyanov was Lenin’s father, an educator, and of Kalmyk Mongol and Chuvash Turkic descent.
Ilya married Maria Alexandrovna Blank in mid-1863. Well educated and from a relatively prosperous background, she was the daughter of a German–Swedish woman and a Russian Jewish physician who had converted to Christianity.
Lenin’s original surname “Ulyanov” comes from a Mongolian clan name “Ulyankhai”(also known as “Uriankhai”) which means “Realm of Mountain Warriors” in an old Mongol/Turk language. The “OV” is a typical end for Russian name and was added onto Ulyankhai.
Both of Lenin’s paternal grandparents were pure Mongolians. His paternal grandmother was a Kalmyk Mongol woman named Anna Smirvova. The Kalmyk Mongol element seems to dominate Lenin’s physical appearance.
A Chinese banknote depicting Lenin with obvious Mongoloid features :